Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah Interview

Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library
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00:00:00 - Perceptions of Textile Workers

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Partial Transcript: BESSIE HANNAH: --well--

ERNEST HANNAH: (inaudible)

BESSIE HANNAH:-- people just didn't have any pride about themselves.

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss how textile workers were thought of and discussed.

Keywords: lintheads

Subjects: Textile workers

00:03:42 - Stretch-out and Unions

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Around the time of '34 that's when the stretch out was happening?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss the stretch out and their views on unions.

Keywords: spinners; stretch-out; union organizing

Subjects: Dwight Manufacturing Company; Textile workers; Textile workers--Labor unions

00:10:05 - The Strike and the Unions

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: So now did you go to, did, did you see any of the people picketing during the strike?

Segment Synopsis: Elizabeth Pritchett an unidentified man discuss the textile workers' strike of 1934 and how it shaped their views on unions.

Keywords: picket lines; union organizing

Subjects: Bibb Manufacturing Company; Textile Workers' Strike (Southern States : 1934)

00:16:58 - The Mill Village

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Did you live in mill housing at the time?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss who was able to live in the mill village attached to the textile mill that they worked in.

Keywords: mill villages

Subjects: Textile workers; Working class--Dwellings

00:18:00 - Music

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Now you're musicians, right?

BESSIE HANNAH: Yeah.

HELFAND: Both musicians?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss the music they played, and the times that the played for company gatherings.

Subjects: Company picnics; Country music; Radio music; Textile workers; Working class--Songs and music

00:25:41 - Like a Family

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Partial Transcript: BESSIE HANNAH: We were all happy, it was just like a big family, you know, we were all happy.

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss the services and benefits that their textile mill offered them and how that has impacted their view on unions.

Keywords: paternalism

Subjects: Columbus (Ga.); Textile workers--Labor unions

00:28:50 - Brown Lung

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Did you know about illnesses that people got from working in the cotton mill like -- from inhailing all the lint?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss how condtions in the mill changed over time.

Keywords: brown lung

Subjects: Pepperell Manufacturing Company; Textile workers--Health and hygiene

00:32:03 - Keeping the Union Out

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Partial Transcript: BESSIE HANNAH: Well I think we said we, uh, they never did have any union in the company

Segment Synopsis: Bessie Hannah and Ernest Hannah discuss why and how they kept the union out of the textile plant they worked in.

Subjects: Textile workers--Labor unions

00:34:47 - Efficiency Measures

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Do you know, since you were in management about efficiency experts?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss the work of efficiency experts in the mill, and the impact of that on workers.

Keywords: stretch-out

Subjects: Textile workers; Wages

00:39:00 - The Hannahs' Experiences in the Mill

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Partial Transcript: BESSIE HANNAH: I said they used me as guinea pig in a lot of things, you know, that, uh I don't know why they did it.

Segment Synopsis: Bessie Hannah and Ernest Hannah discuss their experiences of working in the textile mill.

Keywords: mill managers; spinners

Subjects: Textile workers; Women textile workers

00:43:08 - From the Mill to Real Estate

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Partial Transcript: ERNEST HANNAH: If I live till September the 24th I'll be 80 years old.

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss a friend who died, this man was a textile worker who became very successful in his real estate business.

Subjects: Real estate business; Textile workers

00:48:18 - Retierment

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: You were telling me about Mr. Jays? (inaudible) retirement group at your mill?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss their retirement.

Subjects: Church; Retirement; Textile workers

00:50:54 - Wages and Expenses

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: So I'm looking to talk to people who you know were sort of um, were, um, who were involved in the industry and who were involved in this period of time in the '30s, from both sides.

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss their wages and the impact that it had on their lives.

Keywords: women mill workers

Subjects: Columbus (Ga.); Company stores; Pepperell Manufacturing Company; Retirement; Strikes and lockouts--Textile industry; Wages

00:59:29 - Working in the Textile Mill

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Wasn't it hard taking care of two kids and both working?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss their working lives in the textile mill and how it impacted their home lives.

Keywords: women

Subjects: Textile workers; Working class women--Family relationships; Working mothers

01:03:01 - Musicans

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Well I, I appreciate you talking to me.

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss their music, their relgious work, and some of the songs that they sang.

Subjects: Working class--Songs and music

01:09:40 - Yellow Dog Contracts

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Do you recall, um, yellow dog, I think they were called yellow dog contracts.

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss how the textile mills kept the unions out, and their opinions of unions.

Keywords: mill managers

Subjects: Bibb Manufacturing Company; Blacklisting, Labor; Textile workers--Labor unions

01:15:07 - Deupties

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: No but, did they, did they ask, hire, did, did men who were working in the plant go and stand outside themselves?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah discusses how the textile mill handled its security issuses.

Subjects: Textile Workers' Strike (Southern States : 1934)

01:17:16 - Beauty Pageants

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: What do you know about the beauty queens from the mill?

Segment Synopsis: Bessie Hannah and Ernest Hannah discuss beauty pageants held at the mills.

Keywords: women mill workers

Subjects: Bibb Manufacturing Company; Textile workers; Working class women

01:20:41 - Churches and the Mills

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: Were black people working in your mill then?

Segment Synopsis: Bessie Hannah and Ernest Hannah discuss African textile workers, debating pastors, and the connection between the mills and the churches

Keywords: African-American mill workers

Subjects: Baptists; Church; Textile workers

01:25:40 - Phenix City

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Partial Transcript: JUDITH HELFAND: What about the Idlehour park?

Segment Synopsis: Ernest Hannah and Bessie Hannah discuss recreational activities in Phenix City, how Phenix City changed over the years and how the textile industry changed over the years.

Subjects: Phenix City (Ala.); Textile workers; Working class--Recreation